Return to HOME    

A previous list of schoolmasters has been published in Carrington (1971); see the Reading List on this website.  The notes below derive from lists and transcriptions prepared for this website, as well as from standard sources including Venn, Foster, and the 'new' ODNB.  Most if not all of these sources are available on the web, though ODNB and may require a license, or may charge for access.

In addition to this alphabetical list, there is a sequential table of schoolmasters and ushers. 


  Christopher Ockland:  1562 to 1569.  Called ‘Christopher Hockland schoolmaster’ in the will of Arthur Keene (1563); Anne Hockland, presumably his wife, was a witness to the same will.  Received wages 1565; gave notice 9 June 1569 (Vestry 1).  Considered for schoolmaster of St Olave's school 4 January 1571/2 (St Olave's Governors Book).  Ockland, probably born in the 1540s, was author of Anglorum proelia ("Battles of the English"), published in 1580 and 1582.  EEBO lists seven editions, a translation into English by John Sharrock (1585), a final edition a century later (1680), and two other titles, one in two editions.  In several of his titles Ockland explicitly associates himself with the schools of Southwark and of Cheltenham.  ODNB: "Christopher Ocland's is a sizeable œuvre that should not be overlooked.  He was one of a number of schoolmaster Latin authors of the sixteenth century, but his importance stems from the high regard in which his historical verse was held, and for its long-lasting influence."  

Robert Crowley or Crawley: 
1569 to 1571.  Replaced Christopher Ockland 9 June 1569 (Vestry 1).  The Governors' Book records a payment to Crowley in 1571.  Carrington calls him, in error, Rowley.  Crowley, born about 1519, was both an author and a printer.  In 31 Epigrams (1550) he inveighed against bear-baiting at Paris Garden.  STC has 28 entries for Crowley, for about half as many titles.  ODNB: "To one modern authority, although Crowley exerted no stylistic influence on major poets such as Philip Sidney or Spenser, 'he emerges as the most significant poet between Surrey and Gascoyne' (King, 320)."  

Thomas Brasbridge: 
1573 to 1580.  Vestry 1 names him as schoolmaster in 1578; he had a brother William and a sister-in-law Anne.  His name appears in the Token Books from 1573 to 1580.  The Governors' Book names him as former master in 1581, in a dispute with his successor, Thomas Rawlings, over costs of school fixtures.  Brasbridge, who combined preaching and medicine, has seven entries in STC: Abdias the Prophet (1574), based on a sermon given in Oxford; three editions of a commentary on the plague entitled The Poor Man's Jewel (1578 to 1592); and a commentary on Cicero's Offices (1586, 1592).  See ODNB for an account of his life, especially in Banbury.  

Thomas Rawlings: 
1582.  In January 1581/2, the Governors' Book identifies him as ‘now ’ schoolmaster in succession to Thomas Brasbridge.  A Thomas Rawlings, professor of both medicines, was author of Admonitio pseudo-chymicis (1610).  School orders of 1614 (VCH, Surrey, vol.2, p.279) assert that the schoolmaster was "not to practize physick": could this be a reflection on Thomas Brasbridge (above) and this Rawlings, both of whom did "practize physick"?  

George Wall: 
1582 to 1584.  The Governors' Book identifies him as schoolmaster in 1582; called ‘Mr Wall schoolmaster’ in the Token Books in 1584.  Probably not the George Wall who matriculated at Cambridge from Trinity College 1563-4 and became rector of Earl Solham, Suffolk, 1581 (Venn).   

Francis Yeomans: 
1587 to 1597.  Called ‘schoolmaster of St Saviour ’in the will of William Johnson 1594.  Two children baptized 1587 and 1589, he the father being identified as ‘schoolmaster’ (Baptismal Register).  Wages recorded in 1594/5 (P92/SAV/1838).  The Governors' Book names him as schoolmaster in January 1596/7.  Buried as ‘schoolmaster’ 22 August 1597 (Burial Register); hence not the namesake listed in the Token Books in 1605.  Probably scholar of Jesus College, Oxford, 1571 (Foster).   

George Fell: 
1597.  Appointed as ‘George Fell M.A.’ 5 September 1597, with approbabion of bishop of Winchester (Governors' Book).  Matriculated from Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, 1588-9; B.A. 1592-3; M.A. 1596 (Venn).   

John Fawcett: 
1598 to 1607.  The Governors' Book records his appointment (as ‘John Favcett’) 28 August 1598, licensed by the bishop of Winchester.  His name appears in the Token Books from 1600 to 1605.  Probably the Mr Fawcett named in the will of Humphrey Emmerson 1603; more doubfully the ‘John Fasat’ named in the will of Henry Snell 1605.  Wages paid from 1604-5 (P92/SAV/1840).  Final payment 24 December 1607; the governors engaged in negotiations February 1607/8 concerning the transition from Fawcett to Todd (P92/SAV/1844).   

William Todd: 
1607 to 1614.  Chosen schoolmaster 8 January 1607/8; negotiations February 1607/8 concerning transition from Fawcett to Todd (P92/SAV/1844); also named 1613, 1614 (P92/SAV/1848); named at uncertain date (P92/SAV/1849, date of 1603 changed 1613).  The Governors' Book preserves receipts for wages 1611 and 1612, and records the entry in 1621 of Todd's ‘bond’ against the governors, claiming, among other things, compensation for a journey to the bishop in 1607.  His name appears in the Token Books from 1612 to 1614.  Edburrough Todd, a daughter, was baptized 24 April 1614, the father William called ‘master of the free school’ (Baptismal Register).  Possibly William Todde, B.A. from Corpus Christi, Oxford 1603, M.A. 1607, rector of Rimpton, Somerset 1625 (Foster).   

Thomas Watkins: 
1614 to 1618.  The Governors' Book preserves receipts for wages Michaelmas 1614 and December 1615.  His name appears in the Token Books from 1615 to 1617.  Buried 7 February 1617/18 in the south choir of the church: ‘of the free school’ and ‘schoolmaster’ (Burial Register).  The Governors' Book mentions him as dead on 18 February 1617/18.   

Humphrey Frank: 
1618 to 1637.  He had previously been vicar at Little Brickhill, Buckinghamshire.  The Governors' Book records his appointment 18 February 1617/18; on 9 August 1637 he is reported as dead and to be replaced as schoolmaster.  The Governors' Book also identifies him as the father of Mark Frank, a school pupil (p.69).  His name appears in the Token Books from 1618 to 1637, always as Mr Franke, often as schoolmaster.  In the will of Grace Bromfield, dated 1623/4 and 1629, he is called Mr Franke master of the Free Grammar School of St Saviour.  Buried 3 August 1637 in the church (Burial Register).  He is possibly the Humphrey Francke named in the 1601 will of Leonard Smithe  

Thomas Audley: 
1637.  The Governors' Book names him as Humphrey Franke's replacement as schoolmaster 19 August 1637; formerly the school usher (see Ushers below), he was replaced in that office by Sampson Caroll 6 December 1637.   

Sampson Caroll: 
1637.  On 6 December 1637 ‘Mr Caroll’ received four votes for the office of usher against one vote for ‘Mr Vowell’ (P92/SAV/1893).  The Governors' Book names Mr Caroll (Cawll) as replacement for Thomas Audley, 1637; but Caroll was disallowed by the bishop.  Former scholar of the free school, brother of Henry, and son of William Carroll and his widow Alice (Governors' Book, p.72).  Matriculated from Oriel College, Oxford, 1624; B.A. from Pembroke College, 1626-7; sequestered to East Horsley, Surrey 1647 (Foster, as ‘Carrill’).  Will proved 1667.   

John Phillips: 
1638 to 1642.  The Governors' Book records the appointment of Mr John Phillips on 18 and 25 June 1638.  His name appears in the Token Books from 1639 to as late as 1642, though he was buried 27 July 1641 (Burial Register).  Evidently not the pensioner at St John's College, Cambridge, 1633, who died 1666 (Venn).   

Hezekiah Woodward: 
1644.  The Governors' Book records his appointment 4 January 1643/4.  Matriculated from Balliol College, Oxford, 1610; ‘taught school in London for several years’; vicar of Bray, Berks., about 1649-60; died 1675 (Foster, as ‘Ezekias Woodward’).   

Nicholas Augar: 
1648 to 1663.  The Governors' Book records his appointment January 1647/8 (blank space for day not filled in).  B.A. St John's College, Cambridge, 1608-9; M.A. 1612; ‘One of these names master of St Saviour's School, Southwark, 1648’; master of three students who attended Christ's College, Cambridge: Clement Hobson (1651), James Gossett (1655), and Edmund Parker (1663) (Venn).  Carrington lists his surname as Anger. 


  Godfrey Swayne:  1574 to 1575.  Paid wages all four quarters in 1574 and 1575 as ‘our usher’ (Governors' Book).   

Richard Collett: 
1576.  Signed receipt for one quarter's wages 1 October 1576 as ‘usher of the free school of St Saviours in Southwark’ (Governors' Book).   

Andrew Payman: 
1592.  Buried 7 October 1592 as ‘usher of the school’ (Burial Register).   

Thomas Madox: 
1594/5 to 1602.  Wages paid 1594/5 (P92/SAV/1838).  His name appears in the Token Books from 1596 to 1602.  Children baptized 1595 and 1598, he identified as ‘usher of the freeschool’ (Baptismal Register).  Perhaps the Mr Maddoxe named in Vestry 2, 1601-2: ‘Mr Maddoxe for the relief of his children for one month 2s 6d to see in that time how he will apply himself’.   

Richard Brookes: 
1605 to 1607.  Anne Hewitt servant to ‘Brooks the usher’ buried 16 June 1606; Richard Brookes buried 2 December 1607 (Burial Register).  Richard Brooks, usher, paid wages 1605-7; 24 December 1607 his wages paid to widow Mary (P92/SAV/1841-3).   

John Knight: 
1608 to 1612.  ‘Mr Knight’ visited the bishop of Winchester 7 March 1607/8, apparently for confirmation (P92/SAV/1844).  Paid wages for three quarters 1611-12 (P92/SAV/1846).  The Governors' Book identifies him 25 June 1611 as ‘Mr Knight the usher’ with the comment that he is ‘sick in the country.’ On 13 July 1611 ‘John Knight’ signed for receipt of full wages; he signed again for Michaelmas quarter (Governors' Book miscelleneous notes).  Retrospectively identified as usher, and sick, in William Todd's bond of 1621; also dead ‘a fortnight after’ (apparently after five months of sickness) (Governors' Book, p 52).   

Robert Brayborne: 
1612 to 1614.  Chosen usher 4 April 1612 (Governors' Book).  Signed (as ‘Brabourn’) for receipt of wages 1613, 1614 (Governors' Book, miscellaneous notes).  Matriculated from St John's College, Oxford 1608; vicar of Monmouth 1619 (Foster).   

Richard Eyves: 
1614.  Signed receipt for one quarter's wages (Governors' Book, miscellaneous notes): not explicitly identified as usher.   

John Davidge: 
1615 to 1624.  23 August 1615 ‘John Davidge B.A. of Oriel College in Oxford’ chosen ‘usher or undermaster’ (Governors' Book).  Signed bond as Mr Davidge ‘the usher’ (P92/SAV/1849, dated 1603 but corrected to 1613; nevertheless uncertain.)  Applied unsuccessfully for schoolmaster 1617/18 (Governors' Book).  Several children baptized 1618 to 1623 (Baptismal Register).  His name appears in the Token Books from 1616 to 1624.  Mentioned frequently in the Governors' Book to 1624; resigned 23 June of that year.  M.A. Oxford 1618; vicar of Charlton Canfield, Someret, 1624 (Foster).   

William Widowes: 
1629 to 1630.  Appointed 9 December 1629 (Governors' Book).  Buried 14 September 1630 (Burial Register).  Matriculated from Queen's College, Cambridge 1624 (‘of London’); B.A. 1627-8 (Venn).   

Thomas Audley: 
1630 to 1637.  Appointed 21 October 1630 (Governors' Book).  Elevated to schoolmaster 1637 (see Schoolmasters above).   

George Harrison: 
1637.  On 6 December 1637 ‘Mr George Harrison’ received six votes for the office of usher as against none for ‘Mr Thomas Perkins’; appointment also recorded elsewhere in the same document (P92/SAV/1893).  Appointment recorded in the Governors' Book, p.84.   

Ferdinand Archer: 
1643/4.  Appointed 13 January 1643/4 as ‘Mr [blank] Archer ... formerly a scholar in the school’ (Governors' Book).  Of two Archers who had been scholars in the school, Benjamin was buried 17 January 1641/2 (Burial Register), leaving Ferdinand as the likely appointee.  Admitted Christ's College, Cambridge 1633; headmaster of Northampton School, Northamptonshire, 1646-95 (Venn).  The relation of the two young Archers to James Archer, minister 1614-41, is unclear.  Neither was baptized in the parish; Venn gives Benjamin's father's forename as James, Ferdinando's, as John: so perhaps the two were cousins.   

John Keyes: 
1647/8 to 1649.  ‘Mr John Keyes of Newington’ was appointed January 1647/8, leaving voluntarily in March 1649 ‘in hope of better preferment’ (Governors' Book).  B.A. Clare College, Cambridge, 1641-2 (Venn).   

William Howell: 
1649.  Appointed March 1649 (Governors' Book).  Of London; matriculated from Queen's College, Cambridge, 1646.  A person of this name admitted at Lincoln's Inn 23 May 1652 (Venn).